The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. As of November , sources cite either or as the number of Egyptian pyramid construction · Pyramid of Djoser · Pyramid of Menkaure. The Ancient Egyptians believed that when a pharaoh died he became Osiris, the king of the dead. They believed that for the dead pharaoh to carry out his duties. The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes. There are a total of fourteen pyramids at this site, which served as the main royal necropolis during the Fifth Dynasty. Taharqa, a legitimate ruler and Pharaoh of Egypt, built his pyramid at Nuri. The papyri found at Wadi al-Jarf allude to the importance of Giza's ports, saying that limestone blocks, used in the outer casing of the pyramid, were shipped from quarries to the pyramid sites within a few days using boat transport. The three major pyramids are those of Niuserre , which is also the best preserved, Neferirkare Kakai and Sahure. The Pharaoh in Egyptian Society During the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, Egypt enjoyed tremendous economic prosperity and stability. The southern Pyramid of Sneferu , commonly known as the Bent Pyramid , is believed to be the first Egyptian pyramid intended by its builders to be a "true" smooth-sided pyramid from the outset; the earlier pyramid at Meidum had smooth sides in its finished state — but it was conceived and built as a step pyramid, before having its steps filled in and concealed beneath a smooth outer casing of dressed stone. Though some popular versions of history held that the pyramids were built by slaves or foreigners forced into labor, skeletons excavated from the area show that the workers were probably native Egyptian agricultural laborers who worked on the pyramids during the time of year when the Nile River flooded much of the land nearby. See the colourful tomb paintings BBC Pyramid challenge Journey back four and a half thousand years to Egypt's Old Kingdom, to the Pyramid Age. For example, the formal name of the Bent Pyramid at Dahshur was The Southern Shining Pyramid , and that of Senwosret at el-Lahun was Senwosret is Shining. Djoser's chief architect Imhotep c. He gave up after damaging the Pyramid of Menkaure because the task proved too huge. Such was the importance of Imhotep's achievement that he was deified by later Egyptians.